Chapter: Human Trafficking
Vocabulary in use
Find the words or phrases from the text above that give similar meaning to the following.
a. a topic that has strong impact on all and that must receive special attention: cross-cutting issue
b. sexual abuse of children and youth: sexual exploitation
c. extending across national boundaries: transnational
d. a person who engages in a sexual activity for payment: prostitute
e. treatment of a person or group as insignificant: marginalization
f. left by husband: deserted life
g. exposed to the possibility of being harmed: vulnerability
h. a telephone service providing help with problems: helpline
Read the text, and decide whether the following statements are true or false.
a. Traffickers’ target is only girls and women. → False
b. Human trafficking is a burning issue. → True
c. Victims get a better job and earn better when they are recruited. → False
d. The nearest family members may help smugglers. → True
e. Rich and developed countries are free from human trafficking problems. → False
Read the text again, and answer the following questions.
a. What do you mean by human trafficking?
Human trafficking is the recruitment or transportation of persons by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of abduction, fraud or deception, or for the purpose of exploitation.
b. Who are prone to trafficking?
People from low income households, ethnic minorities, illiterate or people with low level of education, refugees, illegal migrants, children running away from home, and others are prone to trafficking. Women of forced marriage and early marriage, deserted wife, widows and discriminated daughters are also easily victimized.
c. How do traffickers victimise the targeted people?
Traffickers prey on the most vulnerable members of society and may provide economic incentives and financial loans to their friends, relatives, family, spouse, or even parents. They may also lure victims with promises of better jobs or well paid work in cities, false marriages and proposals, easy money, and the dream of a sophisticated life.
d. Human trafficking is another form of slavery. Do you agree or disagree? Explain why.
I agree that human trafficking is another form of slavery. Like slavery, human trafficking involves the exploitation and abuse of people for profit, with victims often being subjected to long hours of work, physical and sexual abuse, and a lack of basic rights and freedoms.
e. ‘Unlike common people, victims’ life is different.’ Justify it with an example.
Victims of human trafficking often live in slavery-like conditions, being kept in prison-like environments and being physically and sexually abused. They may be forced to work long hours without any rest or recreation and may not have access to medical care when they are sick. They may also be paid less than they are owed or have their earnings withheld, leading to prolonged indebtedness to their traffickers.
List any five institutions or organisations that are combating against human trafficking. Write a success story of any one of them.
Some institutions and organizations that are working to combat human trafficking include:
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
- International Labour Organization (ILO)
- Anti-Slavery International
- International Justice Mission (IJM)
One success story in the fight against human trafficking is the work of International Justice Mission (IJM). IJM is a non-profit organization that works to rescue victims of slavery and human trafficking, bring perpetrators to justice, and restore survivors to safety and dignity. In one case, IJM worked with local authorities in the Philippines to rescue 16 young girls who were being exploited in a cybersex trafficking ring. The girls were rescued and the perpetrators were arrested and charged with trafficking-related crimes. Following the rescue, IJM provided the girls with medical and trauma care, legal assistance, and long-term aftercare services to help them rebuild their lives. Thanks to the efforts of IJM and its partners, these 16 girls were able to escape a life of exploitation and abuse and have a chance at a brighter future.
Read the conversation, and fill in the blanks with appropriate connectives given in the brackets below. You may use a connective more than once.
because, because of, so that, for, in order to, to, therefore, as
Mother: Today, I’m going to take you for shopping. What do you
want to buy? It’s because I need to carry enough money to meet your demands.
Son: I want to buy an Xbox. It’s for playing games. It’s also meant for gaming, watching videos and surfing the net.
Daughter: For me, I need a party dress so that I can attend my best friend’s birthday party. Next, I want to buy a hand bag to match with my dress. If you don’t mind, I will buy shoes for casual wear as well.
Father: I’m planning to buy a fridge so that it preserves foods for a long time.
Mother: That’s all for today because load shedding our credit cards might not work, so I am taking hard cash with me. Is that ok?
Rearrange the following word/s to form meaningful sentences.
a. the noisy party/because of/got angry/Pemba’s neighbour.
Pemba’s neighbour got angry because of the noisy party.
b. started/training/in order to/beautician/become/Krishna/a/at beauty centre/a
Krishna started training to become a beautician at a beauty centre.
c. the zoo/visit/I/so that/observe/of wild animals/activities/can/I.
I visit the zoo so that I can observe the activities of wild animals.
A pencil sharpener is used to make a pencil sharp.
e. practice/improve/to/I/a lot/mathematics/my/I /so that/secure/can/marks/better.
I practice a lot of mathematics so that I can improve and secure better marks.
f. because of/sore throat/chronic/continue/his class/could not/he.
He could not continue his class because of his chronic sore throat.
Use appropriate connectives
I am writing this application to request a leave of absence for seven days starting from 6 June. It is because of a knee injury.
Yesterday while I was returning home from school, I had an accident. A motor bike coming from the opposite direction slipped and somersaulted nearby an electric pole because it was in a great speed. The bike rider fell off the bike and banged into me. I had a deep cut on my knees. Therefore, the doctor has advised me to take a complete rest, and take medicine for a week.
I assure you that I will complete all the assignments given during my absence as soon as I join my regular class. Therefore, I request you to grant me a week's leave.
Write a letter to the editor of a national daily on any one of the following problems.
- reckless driving
- insufficient water supply in your locality
- load shedding
Letter on reckless driving
January 05, 2023
The Rising Nepal,
I am writing to express my concern about the increasing problem of reckless driving in our country. It seems like every day, there are reports of accidents and fatalities caused by drivers who are ignoring traffic laws and endangering the lives of others.
This problem is not only causing unnecessary suffering and loss of life, but it is also having a negative impact on our society as a whole. The cost of medical care for accident victims, as well as lost productivity due to injury and death, is a burden that we cannot afford.
I urge the government and other relevant authorities to take immediate action to address this serious issue. Stricter enforcement of traffic laws is certainly needed, but we also need to educate drivers about the dangers of reckless behavior and the importance of following traffic rules. This could include more comprehensive driver's education programs, as well as public awareness campaigns that highlight the consequences of irresponsible driving.
I hope that you will consider adding my letter to your newspaper, in order to raise awareness about this pressing issue and encourage action to be taken.
Letter on insufficient water supply in your locality
January 05, 2023
The Rising Nepal,
I am writing to bring attention to the ongoing problem of insufficient water supply in my locality of Prembasti, Bharapur. For months now, we have been facing severe water shortages, with many households going without water for days at a time.
This problem is not only causing great inconvenience and discomfort for residents, but it is also having a negative impact on our health and well-being. Lack of access to clean water for drinking, cooking, and bathing is a serious concern, and it is crucial that this issue be addressed as soon as possible.
I urge the government and other relevant authorities to take immediate action to resolve this problem. We need to find a long-term solution that ensures a reliable and sufficient water supply for all residents of Prembasti and Bharapur.
I hope that you will consider adding my concern to your newspaper, in order to bring attention to this pressing issue and encourage action to be taken.
Letter on load shedding
January 05, 2023
The Rising Nepal,
I am writing to bring attention to the ongoing problem of load shedding in our country. For months now, we have been facing frequent power cuts, which are disrupting our daily lives and causing a great deal of frustration and inconvenience.
This problem is not only affecting households, but it is also having a negative impact on businesses, schools, and other essential services. Lack of access to electricity is hindering our ability to work, study, and carry out basic tasks, and it is a serious concern that needs to be addressed urgently.
I urge the government and other relevant authorities to take immediate action to resolve this problem. We need a long-term solution that ensures a reliable and sufficient power supply for all citizens.
I hope that you will consider adding this serious concern about load shedding to your newspaper, in order to bring attention to this pressing issue and encourage action to be taken.
Write a letter complaining to the local authority about an issue that is bothering you and the people of your locality
January 05, 2023
The Chief District Officer,
I am writing to bring to your attention an issue that is causing great concern and frustration for myself and the people of Prembasti, Bharatpur.
For the past several months, we have been dealing with a problem of overflowing trash bins in our neighborhood. Despite our efforts to properly dispose of our waste, the bins are consistently overflowing, leading to a buildup of garbage on the streets and in public areas.
This problem is not only unsightly and unpleasant, but it is also a health hazard. The accumulation of trash attracts pests, and the smell and potential for contamination is a concern for the health and well-being of our community.
I urge you to take immediate action to address this problem. We need more frequent garbage collection, larger trash bins, or some other solution that will prevent the overflow of trash in our neighborhood.
We hope that you will take our concerns seriously and take the necessary steps to resolve this issue.