Pratap Malla

Reading I

A. Complete the following sentences with the correct words from the text.

a. Queen Rajendra Laxmi ruled the country as a regent because her son Rana Bahadur Shah was too young.

b. Many buildings were destroyed as they were destroyed by the earthquake.

c. Many temples had their pinnacles made of gold.

d. As the original trophy was stolen, they made the exact replica of it.

e. Madhav Prasad Ghimire was conferred the title 'Rastrakavi' in 2003.

f. The government honored Jhamak Kumari Ghimire for her contribution to Nepali literature.

g. The British soldiers tried to invade Nepal but the brave Nepali people chased them away.

B. Choose the best alternative.

a. Why did Pratap Malla keep his father in jail?
ii. Pratap Malla wanted to be the king soon.

b. What made Kantipur a strong state during Pratap Malla's reign?
ii. Pratap Malla's diplomacy

c. Which of the following was not renovated by Pratap Malla?
i. Pashupatinath

d. According to the text, which of the following did not happen during Pratap Malla's reign?
iii. Invasion of Kantipur

C. Answer these questions.

a. Name two countries that had trade with Kantipur.

Kantipur had trade with Tibet and India.

b. How did Pratap Malla keep his kingdom safe from Lalitpur and Bhaktapur?

Pratap Malla played the kings of Lalitpur and Bhaktapur against each other, siding with one or the other to maintain a balance of power and deter invasion.

c. Where did Pratap Malla place the image of Lord Hanuman? Why?

Pratap Malla placed the image of Lord Hanuman by the side of his palace gate, naming the palace Hanumandhoka, to ward off evils.

d. Pratap Malla conferred himself with the title 'Kabeendra'. Do you think this title suit him? Give reasons.

The title 'Kabeendra' conferred by Pratap Malla suits him because he was a learned king and a poet who excelled in various languages, comparable to the title of a king of poets.

e. Pratap Malla used to invite the intellectuals at his palace. What does this indicate about his personality as a king?

Pratap Malla's habit of inviting intellectuals to his palace reflects his personality as a king who valued knowledge and respected scholars.

D. Pratap Malla contributed a lot to Nepali culture during his reign. Can you name some of them which still exist?

Here are some of the contributions of Pratap Malla to Nepali culture that still exist today:

  • Hanuman Dhoka: The main palace of the Malla kings in Kathmandu is still known as Hanuman Dhoka, named after the image of Hanuman that Pratap Malla placed at the gate.
  • Rani Pokhari: The large pond in Kathmandu that was built by Pratap Malla in memory of his deceased son is still a popular tourist destination today.
  • Seto Machhendranath Jatra: The annual chariot festival that was introduced by Pratap Malla is still celebrated in Kathmandu today.
  • Pratappur: The temple complex that was built by Pratap Malla at Swayambhunath is still one of the most important religious sites in Nepal.
  • Kabeendrapur: The temple complex that was built by Pratap Malla at Pashupatinath is still one of the most important religious sites in Nepal.

Grammar I

A. Find the second part of each sentence. Then, change each verb into the correct form.

a. The alarm (go) - ii. while Trishna (sleep).
The alarm went while Trishna was sleeping.

b. As soon as the teacher (ask) the question - i. Brinda (reply) her.
As soon as the the theacher asked the questions, Brinda replied her.

c. I (do) my homework - iv. when the telephone (ring).
I was doing my homework when the telephone rang.

d. When the doors (open) - v. the audience (rush) into the stadium.
When the doors opened, the audience rushed into the stadium.

e. When we (wake) - iii. we (see) the sun shining brightly.
When we woke, we saw the sun shinning brightly.

B. Complete the sentences. Write in the correct form of each verb.

a. When I arrived home, my dad was preparing snacks for me.

b. That day, when we left home, the sky was overcast and it was drizzling.

c. Last week, we booked a hotel online. The hotel was really wonderful. The staff stood at the gate to welcome us when we reached there.

d. Were the children sleeping when you reached home that night?

e. Something very strange happened on my way home yesterday. I was walking along the way. Suddenly, I saw my grandfather following But he had died a year ago.

f. We were traveling to Chitwan when the police stopped us on the way. According to them, there was a bomb there. So, we had to wait for an hour.

C. Make sentences using the words given in the brackets. Use the correct forms of the verbs: simple past or past continuous.

a. it/ begin to snow while we/return /home
It began to snow while we were returning home.

b. Kamal/fall off while he/play on the verandah
Kamal fell off while he was playing on the verandah.

c. Amit /wait for me/ when I /reach the station
Amit was waiting for me when I reached the station.

d. Simran/ take my photos while I/not look at the camera
Simran took my photos while I was not looking at the camera.

e. what/you do/yesterday when I/call you?
What were you doing yesterday when I called you?

f. I break the glass/while I/wash it
I broke the glass while I was washing it.

g. the teacher enter the class/while some students/ dance in the class
The teacher entered the class while some students were dancing in the class.

i. I find the lost purse/while I /clean the room
I found the lost purse while I was cleaning the room.

j. Dipisha finish her homework/while her brother/ watch TV
Dipisha finished her homework while her brother was watching TV.

Writing I

B. Some people think studying history is just a waste of time while others think that it is essential. What do you think of these ideas? Write your opinion in about 200 words.

I firmly believe that studying history is far from being a waste of time; in fact, it is absolutely essential. History serves as a window into our past, providing valuable insights into the foundations of our present and shaping the possibilities for our future.

Understanding history offers us a broader perspective on human achievements, struggles, and the evolution of societies. By studying historical events, we learn from the successes and failures of our ancestors, allowing us to make informed decisions in our contemporary world. History reveals patterns and trends that enable us to anticipate potential outcomes and avoid repeating past mistakes.

Moreover, history helps us appreciate cultural diversity and fosters empathy by allowing us to walk in the shoes of those who came before us. It showcases the resilience of humanity, highlighting the ways people have overcome challenges and celebrated triumphs throughout time.

In conclusion, studying history isn't just about memorizing dates and events; it's about understanding the stories of humanity, learning from the past, and applying those lessons to create a better future. Embracing history empowers us to be responsible and engaged citizens, ready to contribute positively to our society.