How Driverless Cars will Change our World

Reading I

Answer the following questions.

a. What do you know about artificial intelligence (AI)?

AI refers to computer systems that can learn, reason, and solve problems like humans. It has applications in various fields but also raises concerns about ethics, privacy, and job impacts.

b. How do you think AI has changed the world?

AI has had a transformative impact on the world by automating tasks, improving efficiency, and enabling new capabilities. It has revolutionized industries such as healthcare, finance, and transportation, but also poses challenges such as job displacement and ethical considerations.

How Driverless Cars will Change our World

A. The following words have two different meanings. Match each word with the meaning used in the context of the text above.

a. glare → ii. an intense blinding light
b. curb → i. a stone edging to a pavement or raised path
c. hail → i. to call somebody in order to attract their attention
d. commute → ii. to travel regularly between workplace and home
e. serene → i. calm and peaceful
f. liability → ii. the state of being legally responsible for something
g. deploy → ii. to use something effectively
h. autonomous → i. a vehicle that has the technology to drive itself
i. perception → ii. the ability to understand the true nature of something

B. Choose the correct alternatives to complete the sentences below.

a. One of the features of automated cars is that ............
i. they wait for the passengers.
ii. they approach slowly.
iii. They have their own voice to welcome people into them.

Answer: iii. They have their own voice to welcome people into them.

b. Driverless technology is being widely used particularly in .....
i. the USA ii. the UK iii. the UAE

Answer: i. the USA

c. The positive impact of such technology on the environment is ........
i. it prevents road accidents.
ii. it paves the way to sustainable life.
iii. it reduces carbon production.

Answer: iii. it reduces carbon production.

d. One of the problems with driverless technology is that ...........
i. it cannot deal with traffic system.
ii. it cannot deal with human drivers.
iii. it cannot cope with other cars.

Answer: ii. it cannot deal with human drivers.

e. One of the biggest challenges of the automated cars is ........
i. its safety from the human environment
ii. human safety from it
iii. its durability in the human environment

Answer: ii. human safety from it

f. The automated technology developed so far is ........
i. completely trustworthy
ii. partly trustworthy
iii. not trustworthy at all

Answer: ii. partly trustworthy

C. Answer the following questions.

a. Mention any three features of the driverless car.

Three features of the driverless car mentioned are:

  1. The driverless car is equipped with active sensors that emit a low hum, enhancing its ability to perceive and navigate its surroundings effectively.
  2. It can make decisions on its own based on the data it collects.
  3. It incorporates a voice system to communicate with passengers, creating a welcoming and user-friendly experience.

b. Describe the benefits of driverless technology.

Driverless technology offers benefits such as improved safety, transformed commuting, sustainable cities, enhanced industry efficiency, and redefining our relationship with cars.

c. What, according to Camilla Fowler, is the special advantage of automated vehicles?

According to Camilla Fowler, the special advantage of automated vehicles is their potential to provide safer roads and reduce fatalities.

d. What are the problems with driverless vehicles in David Hynd's views?

According to David Hynd, the problems with driverless vehicles include the challenge of coping with human drivers who may not adhere to traffic rules or behave predictably.

e. What are scientists doing to make driverless technology safer?

Scientists are testing scenarios in controlled environments, such as the Moity Test Facility, to ensure autonomous vehicles can operate safely in complex and unpredictable human environments.

f. Do you think driverless technology is safer than human-controlled driving? Why?

Driverless technology has the potential to be safer than human-controlled driving due to the absence of human errors, faster reaction times, and continuous learning capabilities.

Think of any three other areas where artificial intelligence (AI) has been used. What are the benefits of using AI in these areas?

Three other areas where artificial intelligence (AI) has been used are healthcare, finance, and customer service. The benefits of using AI in these areas include:

  1. Healthcare: AI aids in medical diagnostics, drug discovery, and personalized treatment plans by analyzing patient data, enabling early disease detection and improved treatment options. It also facilitates telemedicine and remote monitoring, enhancing healthcare accessibility.
  2. Finance: AI supports fraud detection, risk assessment, and algorithmic trading in financial institutions. It analyzes real-time financial data, identifies suspicious patterns, and provides personalized advice, improving customer service and streamlining operations.
  3. Customer Service: AI-powered chatbots and virtual assistants deliver instant support, handling inquiries, providing recommendations, and resolving issues. They automate tasks, reduce wait times, and enhance the overall customer experience.

Grammar I

A. Match the following statements with the correct reported speech and notice how the statements are changed.

a. Khushi said, "I go to school every day by bus." → Khusi said that she went to school every day by bus.

b. Karma said to me, "1 am sorry for coming late." → Karma apologised for coming late.

c. Susan says, "I will leave for Bhanu next week." → Susan says that she will eave for Bhanu the following.

d. Tshering said, " I will surely meet you this Saturday." → Tshering promised me to meet that Saturday.

e. "The bus leaves at six," said the agent. → The agent informed us that the bus left at six.

f. "I have already finished my project work," said She.→ She said that she had alreadv finished her project work.

g. "I work from home these days," , said Yanjal. → Yanjal said that he worked from house those days.

B. Complete the following sentences with the correct reporting verbs.

advised, admitted, warned, offered, thanked, agreed, informed, agreed, apologised, promised

a. "I broke the mirror." He admitted that he had broken the mirror.

b. "I'd go and see a doctor if I were you," Pemba advised me to see a doctor.

c. "I will send you out if you make a noise again," said the librarian. The librarian warned me not to make a noise again.

d. "I can come and help you plant rice," said Raman. Raman offered to help me plant rice.

e. "The classes start from next week," said the assistant. The assistant informed us that the classes start from the following week.

f. Sonam said to me, "Thank you so much for your help." Sonam thanked me for my help.

g. "OK, I will return your money by Saturday," said Prakriti. Prakriti promised to return my money by Saturday.

h. "I will really work hard and score good grades," said Anupam. Anupam agreed to work hard and get good grades.

i. "I am sorry for coming late," said the speaker. The speaker apologised for coming late.

Writing I

The use of Al in the technology is not only making people’s lives easier but bringing new challenges. Write a newspaper article about the challenges brought by the advancement of AT in technology.

Ethical and Practical Challenges Arise with Advancements in AI Technology

Bharatpur, July 08 2022 - The rapid advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology is simplifying lives but also introducing new challenges. Ethical concerns, privacy issues, job displacement, biases, and security vulnerabilities require careful management to ensure a responsible and sustainable future.

The burgeoning AI landscape poses ethical dilemmas as accountability for autonomous AI systems becomes paramount. Safeguarding privacy amidst data-driven AI advancements is crucial. Job market implications necessitate reskilling efforts. Addressing biases is essential to prevent perpetuating inequalities. Heightened AI security is vital in the face of potential cyber threats.

Balancing innovation with ethical considerations is key to harnessing AI's potential for the betterment of society.

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