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what are the Cause of Seebeck Effect?

explain plz

dibas asked 2 months ago·

lemme know if u don't understand. i tried to write in simple way.

When one end of the conductor is heated, free electrons gain KE and move towards the colder region crating the different potential at two ends. At the junction of thermocouple different potential is created due to the different electron density of the conductors.

If the junctions of a thermocouple are placed on different temperature then the electrons diffusion rate is different and creates a different contact potential on the two junctions so the current flows through the thermocouple. But, when the temperature of two junction is same then rate of diffusion is also same hence no net current on the thermocouple.